Patent search and monitoring by IPC patent classes

The patent search is made according to WIPO's World Patent Report: A Statistical Review (2008) - Annex B: IPC and Technology Concordance Table.

For further details about IPC see www.wipo.int/classifications/ipc/en/


IPC patent classes are grouped by technology fields and linked directly to Esp@cenet patent database.

* Electrical machinery, apparatus, energy

* Audio-visual technology

* Telecommunications

* Digital communication

* Basic communication processes

* Computer technology

* IT methods for management

* Semiconductors

* Optics

* Measurement

* Analysis of biological materials

* Control

* Medical technology

* Organic fine chemistry

* Biotechnology

* Pharmaceuticals

* Macromolecular chemistry polymers

* Food chemistry

* Basic materials chemistry

* Materials metallurgy

* Surface technology coating

* Micro-structural and nano-technology

* Chemical engineering

* Environmental technology

* Handling

* Machine tools

* Engines, pumps, turbines

* Textile and paper machines

* Other special machines

* Thermal processes and apparatus

* Mechanical elements

* Transport

* Furniture, games

* Other consumer goodis

* Civil engineering

* Solar energy (includes solar photovoltaic power and solar thermal power

* Wind energy technology

* Fuel cells technology

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Electrical machinery, apparatus, energy

F21 LIGHTING


H01B CABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING, OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES

H01C RESISTORS

H01F MAGNETS; INDUCTANCES; TRANSFORMERS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR MAGNETIC PROPERTIES

H01G CAPACITORS; CAPACITORS, RECTIFIERS, DETECTORS, SWITCHING DEVICES, LIGHT-SENSITIVE OR TEMPERATURE-SENSITIVE DEVICES OF THE ELECTROLYTIC TYPE

H01H ELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES

H01J ELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS

H01K ELECTRIC INCANDESCENT LAMPS

H01M PROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY

H01R ELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS

H01T SPARK GAPS; OVERVOLTAGE ARRESTERS USING SPARK GAPS; SPARKING PLUGS; CORONA DEVICES; GENERATING IONS TO BE INTRODUCED INTO NON-ENCLOSED GASES

H02B BOARDS, SUBSTATIONS, OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER

H02G INSTALLATION OF ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES, OR OF COMBINED OPTICAL AND ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES

H02H EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS

H02J CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY

H02K DYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES

H02M APPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF

H02N ELECTRIC MACHINES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

H02P CONTROL OR REGULATION OF ELECTRIC MOTORS, GENERATORS, OR DYNAMO-ELECTRIC CONVERTERS; CONTROLLING TRANSFORMERS, REACTORS OR CHOKE COILS

H05B ELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

H05C ELECTRIC CIRCUITS OR APPARATUS SPECIALLY DESIGNED FOR USE IN EQUIPMENT FOR KILLING, STUNNING, ENCLOSING OR GUIDING LIVING BEINGS

H05F STATIC ELECTRICITY; NATURALLY-OCCURRING ELECTRICITY

H99Z SUBJECT MATTER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR IN THIS SECTION

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Audio-visual technology

 

G09F DISPLAYING; ADVERTISING; SIGNS; LABELS OR NAME-PLATES; SEALS

G09G ARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION

G11B INFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER

H04N-003 Scanning details of television systems; Combination thereof with generation of supply voltages

H04N-005 Details of television systems

H04N-009 Details of colour television systems

H04N-013 Stereoscopic television systems; Details thereof

H04N-015 Stereoscopic colour television systems; Details thereof

H04N-017 Diagnosis, testing or measuring for television systems or their details

H04R LOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS

 

H04S STEREOPHONIC SYSTEMS

H05K PRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS

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Telecommunications


G08C TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR MEASURED VALUES, CONTROL OR SIMILAR SIGNALS

H01P WAVEGUIDES; RESONATORS, LINES, OR OTHER DEVICES OF THE WAVEGUIDE TYPE

H01Q AERIALS

H04B TRANSMISSION

H04H BROADCAST COMMUNICATION

H04J MULTIPLEX COMMUNICATION

H04K SECRET COMMUNICATION; JAMMING OF COMMUNICATION

H04M TELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION

H04N-001 Scanning, transmission or reproduction of documents or the like, e.g. facsimile transmission; Details thereof

H04N-007 Television systems

H04N-011 Colour television systems

H04Q SELECTING
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Digital communications


H04L TRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
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Basic communication processes


H03B GENERATION OF OSCILLATIONS, DIRECTLY OR BY FREQUENCY-CHANGING, BY CIRCUITS EMPLOYING ACTIVE ELEMENTS WHICH OPERATE IN A NON-SWITCHING MANNER; GENERATION OF NOISE BY SUCH CIRCUITS

H03C MODULATION

H03D DEMODULATION OR TRANSFERENCE OF MODULATION FROM ONE CARRIER TO ANOTHER

H03F AMPLIFIERS

H03G CONTROL OF AMPLIFICATION

H03H IMPEDANCE NETWORKS, e.g. RESONANT CIRCUITS; RESONATORS

H03J TUNING RESONANT CIRCUITS; SELECTING RESONANT CIRCUITS

H03K PULSE TECHNIQUE

H03L AUTOMATIC CONTROL, STARTING, SYNCHRONISATION, OR STABILISATION OF GENERATORS OF ELECTRONIC OSCILLATIONS OR PULSES

H03M CODING, DECODING OR CODE CONVERSION, IN GENERAL
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Computer technology


G06C DIGITAL COMPUTERS IN WHICH ALL THE COMPUTATION IS EFFECTED MECHANICALLY

G06D DIGITAL FLUID-PRESSURE COMPUTING DEVICES

G06E OPTICAL COMPUTING DEVICES

G06F ELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING

G06G ANALOGUE COMPUTERS

G06J HYBRID COMPUTING ARRANGEMENTS

G06K RECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS

G06M COUNTING MECHANISMS; COUNTING OF OBJECTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

G06N COMPUTER SYSTEMS BASED ON SPECIFIC COMPUTATIONAL MODELS

G06T IMAGE DATA PROCESSING OR GENERATION, IN GENERAL

G11C STATIC STORES

G10L SPEECH ANALYSIS OR SYNTHESIS; SPEECH RECOGNITION
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IT methods for management


G06Q DATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
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Semiconductors


H01L SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
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Optics


G02B OPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS

G02C SPECTACLES; SUNGLASSES OR GOGGLES INSOFAR AS THEY HAVE THE SAME FEATURES AS SPECTACLES

G02F DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS

G03B APPARATUS OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR TAKING PHOTOGRAPHS OR FOR PROJECTING OR VIEWING THEM; APPARATUS OR ARRANGEMENTS EMPLOYING ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR

G03C PHOTOSENSITIVE MATERIALS FOR PHOTOGRAPHIC PURPOSES

G03D APPARATUS FOR PROCESSING EXPOSED PHOTOGRAPHIC MATERIALS

G03F PHOTOMECHANICAL PRODUCTION OF TEXTURED OR PATTERNED SURFACES, e.g. FOR PRINTING, FOR PROCESSING OF SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; MATERIALS THEREFOR; ORIGINALS THEREFOR; APPARATUS SPECIALLY ADAPTED THEREFOR

G03G ELECTROGRAPHY; ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHY; MAGNETOGRAPHY

G03H HOLOGRAPHIC PROCESSES OR APPARATUS

H01S DEVICES USING STIMULATED EMISSION
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Measurement


G01B MEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS, OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS

G01C MEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY

G01D MEASURING NOT SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR A SPECIFIC VARIABLE; ARRANGEMENTS FOR MEASURING TWO OR MORE VARIABLES NOT COVERED BY A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS; TARIFF METERING APPARATUS; MEASURING OR TESTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

G01F MEASURING VOLUME, VOLUME FLOW, MASS FLOW, OR LIQUID LEVEL; METERING BY VOLUME

G01G WEIGHING

G01H MEASUREMENT OF MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS OR ULTRASONIC, SONIC OR INFRASONIC WAVES

G01J MEASUREMENT OF INTENSITY, VELOCITY, SPECTRAL CONTENT, POLARISATION, PHASE OR PULSE CHARACTERISTICS OF INFRA-RED, VISIBLE OR ULTRA-VIOLET LIGHT; COLORIMETRY; RADIATION PYROMETRY

G01K MEASURING TEMPERATURE; MEASURING QUANTITY OF HEAT; THERMALLY-SENSITIVE ELEMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

G01L MEASURING FORCE, STRESS, TORQUE, WORK, MECHANICAL POWER, MECHANICAL EFFICIENCY, OR FLUID PRESSURE

G01M TESTING STATIC OR DYNAMIC BALANCE OF MACHINES OR STRUCTURES; TESTING STRUCTURES OR APPARATUS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

G01N INVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

G01P MEASURING LINEAR OR ANGULAR SPEED, ACCELERATION, DECELERATION, OR SHOCK; INDICATING PRESENCE, ABSENCE, OR DIRECTION, OF MOVEMENT

 

G01R MEASURING ELECTRIC VARIABLES; MEASURING MAGNETIC VARIABLES

G01S RADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES

G01V GEOPHYSICS; GRAVITATIONAL MEASUREMENTS; DETECTING MASSES OR OBJECTS; TAGS

G01W METEOROLOGY

G04B MECHANICALLY-DRIVEN CLOCKS OR WATCHES; MECHANICAL PARTS OF CLOCKS OR WATCHES IN GENERAL; TIME-PIECES USING THE POSITION OF THE SUN, MOON, OR STARS

G04C ELECTROMECHANICAL CLOCKS OR WATCHES

G04D APPARATUS OR TOOLS SPECIALLY DESIGNED FOR MAKING OR MAINTAINING CLOCKS OR WATCHES

G04F TIME-INTERVAL MEASURING

G04G ELECTRONIC TIME-PIECES

G12B DETAILS OF INSTRUMENTS, OR COMPARABLE DETAILS OF OTHER APPARATUS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

G99Z SUBJECT MATTER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR IN THIS SECTION
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Analysis of biological materials


G01N-033 Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N 00100-G01N 03100
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Control


G05B CONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS

G05D SYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING OR REGULATING NON-ELECTRIC VARIABLES

G05F SYSTEMS FOR REGULATING ELECTRIC OR MAGNETIC VARIABLES

G07B TICKET-ISSUING APPARATUS; FARE-REGISTERING APPARATUS; FRANKING APPARATUS

G07C TIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR

G07D SORTING, TESTING, CHANGING, DELIVERING, OR OTHERWISE HANDLING COINS; TESTING OR CHANGING PAPER CURRENCY; TESTING SECURITIES, BONDS, OR SIMILAR VALUABLE PAPERS

G07F COIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS

G07G REGISTERING THE RECEIPT OF CASH, VALUABLES, OR TOKENS

G08B SIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS

G08G TRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS

G09B EDUCATIONAL OR DEMONSTRATION APPLIANCES; APPLIANCES FOR TEACHING, OR COMMUNICATING WITH, THE BLIND, DEAF OR MUTE; MODELS; PLANETARIA; GLOBES; MAPS; DIAGRAMS

G09C CIPHERING OR DECIPHERING APPARATUS FOR CRYPTOGRAPHIC OR OTHER PURPOSES INVOLVING THE NEED FOR SECRECY

G09D RAILWAY OR LIKE TIME OR FARE TABLES; PERPETUAL CALENDARS
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Medical technology


A61B DIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION

A61C DENTISTRY; ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE

A61D VETERINARY INSTRUMENTS, IMPLEMENTS, TOOLS, OR METHODS

A61F FILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS

A61G TRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES

A61H PHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY

A61J CONTAINERS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR MEDICAL OR PHARMACEUTICAL PURPOSES; DEVICES OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR BRINGING PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS INTO PARTICULAR PHYSICAL OR ADMINISTERING FORMS; DEVICES FOR ADMINISTERING FOOD OR MEDICINES ORALLY; BABY COMFORTERS; DEVICES FOR RECEIVING SPITTLE

A61L METHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES

A61M DEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY

A61N ELECTROTHERAPY; MAGNETOTHERAPY; RADIATION THERAPY; ULTRASOUND THERAPY

H05G X-RAY TECHNIQUE
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Organic fine chemistry


C07B GENERAL METHODS OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY; APPARATUS THEREFOR

C07C ACYCLIC OR CARBOCYCLIC COMPOUNDS

C07D HETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS

C07F ACYCLIC, CARBOCYCLIC, OR HETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING ELEMENTS OTHER THAN CARBON, HYDROGEN, HALOGEN, OXYGEN, NITROGEN, SULFUR, SELENIUM, OR TELLURIUM

C07H SUGARS; DERIVATIVES THEREOF; NUCLEOSIDES; NUCLEOTIDES; NUCLEIC ACIDS

C07J STEROIDS

C40B COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY; LIBRARIES, e.g. CHEMICAL LIBRARIES, IN SILICO LIBRARIES
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Biotechnology


C07G COMPOUNDS OF UNKNOWN CONSTITUTION

C07K PEPTIDES

C12M APPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY

C12N MICRO-ORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF

C12P FERMENTATION OR ENZYME-USING PROCESSES TO SYNTHESISE A DESIRED CHEMICAL COMPOUND OR COMPOSITION OR TO SEPARATE OPTICAL ISOMERS FROM A RACEMIC MIXTURE

C12Q MEASURING OR TESTING PROCESSES INVOLVING ENZYMES OR MICRO-ORGANISMS

C12R INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES C12C-C12Q OR C12S, RELATING TO MICRO-ORGANISMS

C12S PROCESSES USING ENZYMES OR MICRO-ORGANISMS TO LIBERATE, SEPARATE OR PURIFY A PRE-EXISTING COMPOUND OR COMPOSITION
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Pharmaceuticals


A61K6 Preparations for dentistry

A61K9 Medicinal preparations characterised by special physical form

A61K31 Medicinal preparations containing organic active ingredients

A61K33 Medicinal preparations containing inorganic active ingredients

A61K35 Medicinal preparations containing material or reaction products thereof with undetermined constitution

A61K36 Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines

A61K38 Medicinal preparations containing peptides

A61K39 Medicinal preparations containing antigens or antibodies

A61K41 Medicinal preparations obtained by treating materials with wave energy or particle radiation

A61K45 Medicinal preparations containing active ingredients not provided for in groups A61K 03100-A61K 04100

A61K47 Medicinal preparations characterised by the non-active ingredients used, e.g. carriers, inert additives

A61K48 Medicinal preparations containing genetic material which is inserted into cells of the living body to treat genetic diseases; Gene therapy

A61K49 Preparations for testing in vivo

A61K50 Electrically conductive preparations for use in therapy or testing in vivo, e.g. conductive adhesives or gels to be used with electrodes for electrocardiography (ECG) or for transcutaneous drug administration

A61K51 Preparations containing radioactive substances for use in therapy or testing in vivo

A61K101 Radioactive non-metals

A61K103 Radioactive metals
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Macromolecular chemistry polymers


C08B POLYSACCHARIDES; DERIVATIVES THEREOF

C08C TREATMENT OR CHEMICAL MODIFICATION OF RUBBERS

C08F MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS

C08G MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED OTHERWISE THAN BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS

C08H DERIVATIVES OF NATURAL MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS

C08K USE OF INORGANIC OR NON-MACROMOLECULAR ORGANIC SUBSTANCES AS COMPOUNDING INGREDIENTS

C08L COMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
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Food chemistry


A23C DAIRY PRODUCTS, e.g. MILK, BUTTER, CHEESE; MILK OR CHEESE SUBSTITUTES; MAKING THEREOF

A23D EDIBLE OILS OR FATS, e.g. MARGARINES, SHORTENINGS, COOKING OILS

A23F COFFEE; TEA; THEIR SUBSTITUTES; MANUFACTURE, PREPARATION, OR INFUSION THEREOF

A23G COCOA; COCOA PRODUCTS, e.g. CHOCOLATE; SUBSTITUTES FOR COCOA OR COCOA PRODUCTS; CONFECTIONERY; CHEWING GUM; ICE-CREAM; PREPARATION THEREOF

A23J PROTEIN COMPOSITIONS FOR FOODSTUFFS; WORKING-UP PROTEINS FOR FOODSTUFFS; PHOSPHATIDE COMPOSITIONS FOR FOODSTUFFS

A23K FODDER

A23L FOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A21D OR A23B-A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT

C12C BREWING OF BEER

C12F RECOVERY OF BY-PRODUCTS OF FERMENTED SOLUTIONS; DENATURING OF, OR DENATURED, ALCOHOL

C12G WINE; OTHER ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES; PREPARATION THEREOF

C12H PASTEURISATION, STERILISATION, PRESERVATION, PURIFICATION, CLARIFICATION, AGEING OF ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES OR REMOVAL OF ALCOHOL THEREFROM

C12J VINEGAR; ITS PREPARATION

C13D PRODUCTION OR PURIFICATION OF SUGAR JUICES

C13F PREPARATION OR PROCESSING OF RAW SUGAR, SUGAR, OR SYRUP

C13J EXTRACTION OF SUGAR FROM MOLASSES

C13K GLUCOSE; INVERT SUGAR; LACTOSE; MALTOSE; SYNTHESIS OF SUGARS BY HYDROLYSIS OF DI- OR POLYSACCHARIDES
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Basic materials chemistry


A01N PRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES, AS HERBICIDES

A01P BIOCIDAL, PEST REPELLANT, PEST ATTRACTANT OR PLANT GROWTH REGULATORY ACTIVITY OF CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS OR PREPARATIONS

C05B PHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS

C05C NITROGENOUS FERTILISERS

C05D INORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE

C05F ORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE

C05G MIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS

C06B EXPLOSIVE OR THERMIC COMPOSITIONS

C06C DETONATING OR PRIMING DEVICES; FUSES

C06D MEANS FOR GENERATING SMOKE OR MIST; GAS-ATTACK COMPOSITIONS; GENERATION OF GAS FOR BLASTING OR PROPULSION

C06F MATCHES; MANUFACTURE OF MATCHES

C09B ORGANIC DYES OR CLOSELY-RELATED COMPOUNDS FOR PRODUCING DYES; MORDANTS; LAKES

C09C TREATMENT OF INORGANIC MATERIALS, OTHER THAN FIBROUS FILLERS, TO ENHANCE THEIR PIGMENTING OR FILLING PROPERTIES

C09F NATURAL RESINS; FRENCH POLISH; DRYING-OILS; DRIERS (SICCATIVES); TURPENTINE

C09G POLISHING COMPOSITIONS OTHER THAN FRENCH POLISH; SKI WAXES

C09H PREPARATION OF GLUE OR GELATINE

C09K MATERIALS FOR APPLICATIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

C09D COATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES, LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR

C09J ADHESIVES; ADHESIVE PROCESSES IN GENERAL (NON-MECHANICAL PART); ADHESIVE PROCESSES NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; USE OF MATERIALS AS ADHESIVES

C10B DESTRUCTIVE DISTILLATION OF CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS FOR PRODUCTION OF GAS, COKE, TAR, OR SIMILAR MATERIALS

C10C WORKING-UP TAR, PITCH, ASPHALT, BITUMEN; PYROLIGNEOUS ACID

C10F DRYING OR WORKING-UP OF PEAT

C10G CRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION

C10H PRODUCTION OF ACETYLENE BY WET METHODS

C10J PRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES

C10K PURIFYING OR MODIFYING THE CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF COMBUSTIBLE GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE

C10L FUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

C10M LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS

C10N INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS C10M

C11B PRODUCING (pressing, extraction), REFINING OR PRESERVING FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES (e.g. lanolin), FATTY OILS OR WAXES, INCLUDING EXTRACTION FROM WASTE MATERIALS; ESSENTIAL OILS; PERFUMES

C11C FATTY ACIDS FROM FATS, OILS OR WAXES; CANDLES; FATS, OILS OR FATTY ACIDS BY CHEMICAL MODIFICATION OF FATS, OILS, OR FATTY ACIDS OBTAINED THEREFROM

C11D DETERGENT COMPOSITIONS

C99Z SUBJECT MATTER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR IN THIS SECTION
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Materials metallurgy


C01B NON-METALLIC ELEMENTS; COMPOUNDS THEREOF

C01C AMMONIA; CYANOGEN; COMPOUNDS THEREOF

C01D COMPOUNDS OF ALKALI METALS, i.e. LITHIUM, SODIUM, POTASSIUM, RUBIDIUM, CAESIUM, OR FRANCIUM

C01F COMPOUNDS OF THE METALS BERYLLIUM, MAGNESIUM, ALUMINIUM, CALCIUM, STRONTIUM, BARIUM, RADIUM, THORIUM, OR OF THE RARE-EARTH METALS


C01G COMPOUNDS CONTAINING METALS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C01D OR C01F


C03C CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES, OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS

C04B LIME; MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS

C21B MANUFACTURE OF IRON OR STEEL

C21C PROCESSING OF PIG-IRON, e.g. REFINING, MANUFACTURE OF WROUGHT-IRON OR STEEL

C21D MODIFYING THE PHYSICAL STRUCTURE OF FERROUS METALS; GENERAL DEVICES FOR HEAT TREATMENT OF FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS METALS OR ALLOYS; MAKING METAL MALLEABLE BY DECARBURISATION, TEMPERING, OR OTHER TREATMENTS

C22B PRODUCTION OR REFINING OF METALS

C22C ALLOYS

C22F CHANGING THE PHYSICAL STRUCTURE OF NON-FERROUS METALS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS

B22C FOUNDRY MOULDING

B22D CASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES

B22F WORKING METALLIC POWDER; MANUFACTURE OF ARTICLES FROM METALLIC POWDER; MAKING METALLIC POWDER
*******************************************************************************************************

Surface technology coating


B05C APPARATUS FOR APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL

B05D PROCESSES FOR APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL

B32B LAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM

C23C COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL

C23D ENAMELLING OF, OR APPLYING A VITREOUS LAYER TO, METALS

C23F NON-MECHANICAL REMOVAL OF METALLIC MATERIAL FROM SURFACES

C23G CLEANING OR DE-GREASING OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY CHEMICAL METHODS OTHER THAN ELECTROLYSIS

C25B ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMPOUNDS OR NON- METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR

C25C PROCESSES FOR THE ELECTROLYTIC PRODUCTION, RECOVERY OR REFINING OF METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR

C25D PROCESSES FOR THE ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PRODUCTION OF COATINGS; ELECTROFORMING

C25F PROCESSES FOR THE ELECTROLYTIC REMOVAL OF MATERIALS FROM OBJECTS; APPARATUS THEREFOR

C30B SINGLE-CRYSTAL GROWTH
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Micro-structural and nano-technology


B81B MICRO-STRUCTURAL DEVICES OR SYSTEMS, e.g. MICRO-MECHANICAL DEVICES

B81C PROCESSES OR APPARATUS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR THE MANUFACTURE OR TREATMENT OF MICRO-STRUCTURAL DEVICES OR SYSTEMS

B82B NANO-STRUCTURES; MANUFACTURE OR TREATMENT THEREOF
*******************************************************************************************************

Chemical engineering


B01B BOILING; BOILING APPARATUS

B01D SEPARATION

B01D-01 Evaporating

B01D-03 Distillation or related exchange processes in which liquids are contacted with gaseous media, e.g. stripping

B01D-041 Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements outside the filter for liquid or gaseous fluids

B01D-043 Separating particles from liquids, or liquids from solids, otherwise than by sedimentation or filtration

B01D-057 Separation, other than separation of solids, not fully covered by a single other group or subclass, e.g. B03C

B01D-059 Separation of different isotopes of the same chemical elemen

B01D-07 Sublimation

B01F MIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING

B01J CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS, COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS

B01L CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE

B02C CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN

B03B SEPARATING SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS

B03C MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS

B03D FLOTATION; DIFFERENTIAL SEDIMENTATION

B04B CENTRIFUGES

B04C APPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES

B05B SPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES

B06B GENERATING OR TRANSMITTING MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS IN GENERAL

B07B SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, OR SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; OTHER SEPARATING BY DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL

B07C POSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING

B08B CLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL

D06B TREATING TEXTILE MATERIALS BY LIQUIDS, GASES, OR VAPOURS

D06C FINISHING, DRESSING, TENTERING, OR STRETCHING TEXTILE FABRICS

D06L BLEACHING, e.g. OPTICAL BLEACHING, DRY-CLEANING, OR WASHING FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS, OR MADE-UP FIBROUS GOODS; BLEACHING LEATHER OR FURS

F25J LIQUEFACTION, SOLIDIFICATION, OR SEPARATION OF GASES OR GASEOUS MIXTURES BY PRESSURE AND COLD TREATMENT

F26B DRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM

C14C CHEMICAL TREATMENT OF HIDES, SKINS OR LEATHER, e.g. TANNING, IMPREGNATING, FINISHING; APPARATUS THEREFOR; COMPOSITIONS FOR TANNING

H05H PLASMA TECHNIQUE
*******************************************************************************************************

Environmental technology


A62D CHEMICAL MEANS FOR EXTINGUISHING FIRES; PROCESSES FOR MAKING HARMFUL CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES HARMLESS, OR LESS HARMFUL, BY EFFECTING A CHEMICAL CHANGE; COMPOSITION OF MATERIALS FOR COVERINGS OR CLOTHING FOR PROTECTING AGAINST HARMFUL CHEMICAL AGENTS; COMPOSITION OF MATERIALS FOR TRANSPARENT PARTS OF GAS-MASKS, RESPIRATORS, BREATHING BAGS OR HELMETS; COMPOSITION OF CHEMICAL MATERIALS FOR USE IN BREATHING APPARATUS

B01D-045 Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours by gravity, inertia, or centrifugal forces

B01D-046 Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours


B01D-047 Separating dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent

B01D-049 Separating dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by other methods


B01D-050 Combinations of devices for separating particles from gases or vapours


B01D-051 Auxiliary pretreatment of gases or vapours to be cleaned


B01D-053 Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols

 

B09B DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE

 

B09C RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL

B65F GATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE

C02F TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE

F01N GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINES

F23G CREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE BY COMBUSTION

F23J REMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES

G01T MEASUREMENT OF NUCLEAR OR X-RADIATION


A62C FIRE-FIGHTING
*******************************************************************************************************

Handling


B25J MANIPULATORS; CHAMBERS PROVIDED WITH MANIPULATION DEVICES

B65B MACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING

B65C LABELLING OR TAGGING MACHINES, APPARATUS, OR PROCESSES

B65D CONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES

B65G TRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYERS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING; SHOP CONVEYER SYSTEMS; PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYERS

B65H HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES

B66B ELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS

B66C CRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES

B66D CAPSTANS; WINCHES; TACKLES, e.g. PULLEY BLOCKS; HOISTS

B66F HOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING, OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD

B67B APPLYING CLOSURE MEMBERS TO BOTTLES, JARS, OR SIMILAR CONTAINERS; OPENING CLOSED CONTAINERS

B67C FILLING WITH LIQUIDS OR SEMILIQUIDS, OR EMPTYING, OF BOTTLES, JARS, CANS, CASKS, BARRELS, OR SIMILAR CONTAINERS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; FUNNELS

B67D DISPENSING, DELIVERING, OR TRANSFERRING LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
*******************************************************************************************************

Machine tools


B21B ROLLING OF METAL

B21C MANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL

B21D WORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING

B21F WORKING OR PROCESSING OF WIRE

B21G MAKING NEEDLES, PINS, OR NAILS

B21H MAKING PARTICULAR METAL OBJECTS BY ROLLING, e.g. SCREWS, WHEELS, RINGS, BARRELS, BALLS

B21J FORGING; HAMMERING; PRESSING; RIVETING; FORGE FURNACES

B21K MAKING FORGED OR PRESSED PRODUCTS, e.g. HORSE-SHOES, RIVETS, BOLTS, WHEELS

B21L MAKING CHAINS

B23B TURNING; BORING

B23C MILLING

B23D PLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

B23F MAKING GEARS OR TOOTHED RACKS

B23G THREAD CUTTING; WORKING OF SCREWS, BOLT HEADS, OR NUTS, IN CONJUNCTION THEREWITH

B23H WORKING OF METAL BY THE ACTION OF A HIGH CONCENTRATION OF ELECTRIC CURRENT ON A WORKPIECE USING AN ELECTRODE WHICH TAKES THE PLACE OF A TOOL; SUCH WORKING COMBINED WITH OTHER FORMS OF WORKING OF METAL

B23K SOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM

B23P OTHER WORKING OF METAL; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS

B23Q DETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING

B24B MACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING

B24C ABRASIVE OR RELATED BLASTING WITH PARTICULATE

B24D TOOLS FOR GRINDING, BUFFING, OR SHARPENING

B26D CUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR SEVERING, e.g. BY CUTTING, PERFORATING, PUNCHING, STAMPING-OUT

B26F PERFORATING; PUNCHING; CUTTING-OUT; STAMPING-OUT; SEVERING BY MEANS OTHER THAN CUTTING

B27B SAWS; COMPONENTS OR ACCESSORIES THEREFOR

B27C PLANING, DRILLING, MILLING, TURNING, OR UNIVERSAL MACHINES

B27D WORKING VENEER OR PLYWOOD

B27F DOVETAILED WORK; TENONS; SLOTTING MACHINES; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES

B27G ACCESSORY MACHINES OR APPARATUS; TOOLS; SAFETY DEVICES, e.g. FOR SAWS

B27H BENDING; COOPERAGE; WHEEL-MAKING

B27J MECHANICAL WORKING OF CANE, CORK, OR SIMILAR MATERIALS

B27K PROCESSES, APPARATUS OR SELECTION OF SUBSTANCES FOR IMPREGNATING, STAINING, DYEING, BLEACHING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS, OR TREATING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS WITH PERMEANT LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

B27L REMOVING BARK OR VESTIGES OF BRANCHES

B27M WORKING OF WOOD NOT PROVIDED FOR IN SUBCLASSES B27B-B27L; MANUFACTURE OF SPECIFIC WOODEN ARTICLES

B27N MANUFACTURE BY DRY PROCESSES OF ARTICLES, WITH OR WITHOUT ORGANIC BINDING AGENTS, MADE FROM PARTICLES OR FIBRES CONSISTING OF WOOD OR OTHER LIGNOCELLULOSIC OR LIKE ORGANIC MATERIAL

B30B PRESSES IN GENERAL; PRESSES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

B25B TOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING, OR HOLDING

B25C HAND-HELD NAILING OR STAPLING TOOLS; MANUALLY-OPERATED PORTABLE STAPLING TOOLS

B25D PERCUSSIVE TOOLS

B25F COMBINATION OR MULTI-PURPOSE TOOLS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DETAILS OR COMPONENTS OF PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS NOT PARTICULARLY RELATED TO THE OPERATIONS PERFORMED AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

B25G HANDLES FOR HAND IMPLEMENTS

B25H WORKSHOP EQUIPMENT, e.g. FOR MARKING-OUT WORK; STORAGE MEANS FOR WORKSHOPS

B26B HAND-HELD CUTTING TOOLS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
*******************************************************************************************************

Engines, pumps, turbines


F01B MACHINES OR ENGINES, IN GENERAL OR OF POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT TYPE, e.g. STEAM ENGINES

F01C ROTARY-PISTON OR OSCILLATING-PISTON MACHINES OR ENGINES

F01D NON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES OR ENGINES, e.g. STEAM TURBINES

F01K STEAM ENGINE PLANTS; STEAM ACCUMULATORS; ENGINE PLANTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; ENGINES USING SPECIAL WORKING FLUIDS OR CYCLES

F01L CYCLICALLY OPERATING VALVES FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES

F01M LUBRICATING OF MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL

F01P COOLING OF MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; COOLING OF INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINES

F02B INTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL

F02C GAS-TURBINE PLANTS; AIR INTAKES FOR JET-PROPULSION PLANTS; CONTROLLING FUEL SUPPLY IN AIR-BREATHING JET-PROPULSION PLANTS

F02D CONTROLLING COMBUSTION ENGINES

F02F CYLINDERS, PISTONS, OR CASINGS FOR COMBUSTION ENGINES; ARRANGEMENTS OF SEALINGS IN COMBUSTION ENGINES

F02G HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT ENGINE PLANTS

F02K JET-PROPULSION PLANTS

F02M SUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF

F02N STARTING OF COMBUSTION ENGINES

F02P IGNITION, OTHER THAN COMPRESSION IGNITION, FOR INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINES; TESTING OF IGNITION TIMING IN COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES

F03B MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS

F03C POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT ENGINES DRIVEN BY LIQUIDS

F03D WIND MOTORS

F03G SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA, OR LIKE MOTORS; MECHANICAL-POWER-PRODUCING DEVICES OR MECHANISMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR OR USING ENERGY SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

F03H PRODUCING A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

F04B POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS

F04C ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS

F04D NON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS

F04F PUMPING OF FLUID BY DIRECT CONTACT OF ANOTHER FLUID OR BY USING INERTIA OF FLUID TO BE PUMPED

F23R GENERATING COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OF HIGH PRESSURE OR HIGH VELOCITY, e.g. GAS-TURBINE COMBUSTION CHAMBERS

G21B FUSION REACTORS

G21C NUCLEAR REACTORS

G21D NUCLEAR POWER PLANT

G21F PROTECTION AGAINST X-RADIATION, GAMMA RADIATION, CORPUSCULAR RADIATION OR PARTICLE BOMBARDMENT; TREATING RADIOACTIVELY CONTAMINATED MATERIAL; DECONTAMINATION ARRANGEMENTS THEREFOR

G21G CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ELEMENTS; RADIOACTIVE SOURCES

G21H OBTAINING ENERGY FROM RADIOACTIVE SOURCES; APPLICATIONS OF RADIATION FROM RADIOACTIVE SOURCES; UTILISING COSMIC RADIATION

G21J NUCLEAR EXPLOSIVES; APPLICATIONS THEREOF

G21K TECHNIQUES FOR HANDLING PARTICLES OR ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; IRRADIATION DEVICES; GAMMA- OR X-RAY MICROSCOPES

F99Z SUBJECT MATTER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR IN THIS SECT
*******************************************************************************************************

Textile and paper machines


A41H APPLIANCES OR METHODS FOR MAKING CLOTHES, e.g. FOR DRESS-MAKING, FOR TAILORING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

A43D MACHINES, TOOLS, EQUIPMENT OR METHODS FOR MANUFACTURING OR REPAIRING FOOTWEAR

A46D MANUFACTURE OF BRUSHES

C14B MECHANICAL TREATMENT OR PROCESSING OF SKINS, HIDES, OR LEATHER IN GENERAL; PELT-SHEARING MACHINES; INTESTINE-SPLITTING MACHINES

D01B MECHANICAL TREATMENT OF NATURAL FIBROUS OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL TO OBTAIN FIBRES OR FILAMENTS, e.g. FOR SPINNING

D01C CHEMICAL TREATMENT OF NATURAL FILAMENTARY OR FIBROUS MATERIAL TO OBTAIN FILAMENTS OR FIBRES FOR SPINNING; CARBONISING RAGS TO RECOVER ANIMAL FIBRES

D01D MECHANICAL METHODS OR APPARATUS IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ARTIFICIAL FILAMENTS, THREADS, FIBRES, BRISTLES, OR RIBBONS

D01G PRELIMINARY TREATMENT OF FIBRES, e.g. FOR SPINNING

D01H SPINNING OR TWISTING

D02G CRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, YARNS, OR THREADS; YARNS OR THREADS

D02H WARPING, BEAMING, OR LEASING D02J FINISHING OR DRESSING OF FILAMENTS, YARNS, THREADS, CORDS, ROPES, OR THE LIKE

D03C SHEDDING MECHANISMS; PATTERN CARDS OR CHAINS; PUNCHING OF CARDS; DESIGNING PATTERNS

D03D WOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS D03J AUXILIARY WEAVING APPARATUS; WEAVERS' TOOLS; SHUTTLES

D04B KNITTING

D04C BRAIDING OR MANUFACTURE OF LACE, INCLUDING BOBBIN-NET OR CARBONISED LACE; BRAIDING MACHINES; BRAID; LACE

D04G MAKING NETS BY KNOTTING OF FILAMENTARY MATERIAL; MAKING KNOTTED CARPETS OR TAPESTRIES; KNOTTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

D04H MAKING TEXTILE FABRICS, e.g. FROM FIBRES OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL

D05B SEWING

D05C EMBROIDERING; TUFTING

D06G MECHANICAL OR PRESSURE CLEANING OF CARPETS, RUGS, SACKS, HIDES, OR OTHER SKIN OR TEXTILE ARTICLES OR FABRICS; TURNING INSIDE-OUT FLEXIBLE TUBULAR OR OTHER HOLLOW ARTICLES

D06H MARKING, INSPECTING, SEAMING, OR SEVERING TEXTILE MATERIALS

D06J PLEATING, KILTING, OR GOFFERING TEXTILE FABRICS OR WEARING APPAREL

D06M TREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS, OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS

D06P DYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS, OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM

D06Q DECORATING TEXTILES

D99Z SUBJECT MATTER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR IN THIS SECTION

B31B MAKING BOXES, CARTONS, ENVELOPES, OR BAGS

B31C MAKING WOUND ARTICLES, e.g. WOUND TUBES

B31D MAKING OTHER PAPER ARTICLES

B31F MECHANICAL WORKING OR DEFORMATION OF PAPER OR CARDBOARD

D21B FIBROUS RAW MATERIALS OR THEIR MECHANICAL TREATMENT

D21C PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE BY REMOVING NON-CELLULOSE SUBSTANCES FROM CELLULOSE- CONTAINING MATERIALS; REGENERATION OF PULPING LIQUORS; APPARATUS THEREFOR

D21D TREATMENT OF THE MATERIALS BEFORE PASSING TO THE PAPER-MAKING MACHINE

D21F PAPER-MAKING MACHINES; METHODS OF PRODUCING PAPER THEREON

D21G CALENDERS; ACCESSORIES FOR PAPER-MAKING MACHINES

D21H PULP COMPOSITIONS; PREPARATION THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES D21C, D21D; IMPREGNATING OR COATING OF PAPER; TREATMENT OF FINISHED PAPER NOT COVERED BY CLASS B31 OR SUBCLASS D21G; PAPER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

D21J FIBREBOARD; MANUFACTURE OF ARTICLES FROM CELLULOSIC FIBROUS SUSPENSIONS OR FROM PAPIER-MÂCHÉ

B41B MACHINES OR ACCESSORIES FOR MAKING, SETTING, OR DISTRIBUTING TYPE; TYPE; PHOTOGRAPHIC OR PHOTOELECTRONIC COMPOSING DEVICES

B41C PROCESSES FOR THE MANUFACTURE OR REPRODUCTION OF PRINTING SURFACES

B41D APPARATUS FOR THE MECHANICAL REPRODUCTION OF PRINTING SURFACES FOR STEREOTYPE PRINTING; SHAPING ELASTIC OR DEFORMABLE MATERIAL TO FORM PRINTING SURFACES

B41F PRINTING MACHINES OR PRESSES

B41G APPARATUS FOR BRONZE PRINTING, LINE PRINTING, OR FOR BORDERING OR EDGING SHEETS OR LIKE ARTICLES; AUXILIARY APPARATUS FOR PERFORATING IN CONJUNCTION WITH PRINTING

B41J TYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS

B41K STAMPS; STAMPING OR NUMBERING APPARATUS OR DEVICES

B41L APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR MANIFOLDING, DUPLICATING, OR PRINTING FOR OFFICE OR OTHER COMMERCIAL PURPOSES; ADDRESSING MACHINES OR LIKE SERIES-PRINTING MACHINES

B41M PRINTING, DUPLICATING, MARKING, OR COPYING PROCESSES; COLOUR PRINTING

B41N PRINTING PLATES OR FOILS
*******************************************************************************************************

Other special machines


A01B SOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL

A01C PLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING

A01D HARVESTING; MOWING

A01F THRESHING; BALING OF STRAW, HAY OR THE LIKE; STATIONARY APPARATUS OR HAND TOOLS FOR FORMING OR BINDING STRAW OR HAY INTO BUNDLES; CUTTING OF HAY, STRAW OR THE LIKE; STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE

A01G HORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS, OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING

A01J MANUFACTURE OF DAIRY PRODUCTS

A01K ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS

A01L SHOEING OF ANIMALS

A01M CATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS

A21B BAKERS' OVENS; MACHINES OR EQUIPMENT FOR BAKING

A21C MACHINES OR EQUIPMENT FOR MAKING OR PROCESSING DOUGHS; HANDLING BAKED ARTICLES MADE FROM DOUGH

A22B SLAUGHTERING

A22C PROCESSING MEAT, POULTRY, OR FISH

A23N MACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES, OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING-STUFFS

A23P SHAPING OR WORKING OF FOODSTUFFS, NOT FULLY COVERED BY A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS

B02B PREPARING GRAIN FOR MILLING; REFINING GRANULAR FRUIT TO COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS BY WORKING THE SURFACE

C12L PITCHING OR DEPITCHING MACHINES; CELLAR TOOLS

C13C CUTTING MILLS; SHREDDING KNIVES; PULP PRESSES

C13G EVAPORATION APPARATUS; BOILING PANS

C13H CUTTING MACHINES FOR SUGAR; COMBINED CUTTING, SORTING AND PACKING MACHINES FOR SUGAR

B28B SHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS, SLAG OR MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER

B28C PREPARING CLAY; PRODUCING MIXTURES CONTAINING CLAY OR CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER

B28D WORKING STONE OR STONE-LIKE MATERIALS

B29B PREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS

B29C SHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL; AFTER- TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING

B29D PRODUCING PARTICULAR ARTICLES FROM PLASTICS OR FROM SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE

B29K INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES B29B, B29C OR B29D, RELATING TO MOULDING MATERIALS OR TO MATERIALS FOR REINFORCEMENTS, FILLERS OR PREFORMED PARTS, e.g. INSERTS

B29L INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS B29C, RELATING TO PARTICULAR ARTICLES

C03B MANUFACTURE, SHAPING, OR SUPPLEMENTARY PROCESSES

C08J WORKING-UP; GENERAL PROCESSES OF COMPOUNDING; AFTER-TREATMENT NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C08B, C08C, C08F, C08G or C08H

B99Z SUBJECT MATTER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR IN THIS SECTION

F41A FUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE

F41B WEAPONS FOR PROJECTING MISSILES WITHOUT USE OF EXPLOSIVE OR COMBUSTIBLE PROPELLANT CHARGE; WEAPONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

F41C SMALLARMS, e.g. PISTOLS, RIFLES

F41F APPARATUS FOR LAUNCHING PROJECTILES OR MISSILES FROM BARRELS, e.g. CANNONS

F41G WEAPON SIGHTS; AIMING

F41H ARMOUR; ARMOURED TURRETS; ARMOURED OR ARMED VEHICLES; MEANS OF ATTACK OR DEFENCE, e.g. CAMOUFLAGE, IN GENERAL

F41J TARGETS; TARGET RANGES; BULLET CATCHER

F42B EXPLOSIVE CHARGES, e.g. FOR BLASTING; FIREWORKS; AMMUNITION

F42C AMMUNITION FUZES

F42D BLASTING
*******************************************************************************************************

Thermal processes and apparatus


F22B METHODS OF STEAM GENERATION; STEAM BOILERS

F22D PREHEATING, OR ACCUMULATING PREHEATED, FEED-WATER; FEED-WATER SUPPLY; CONTROLLING WATER LEVEL; CIRCULATING WATER WITHIN BOILERS

F22G SUPERHEATING OF STEAM

F23B METHODS OR APPARATUS FOR COMBUSTION USING ONLY SOLID FUEL

F23C METHODS OR APPARATUS FOR COMBUSTION USING FLUENT FUEL

F23D BURNERS

F23H GRATES

F23K FEEDING FUEL TO COMBUSTION APPARATUS

F23L AIR SUPPLY; DRAUGHT-INDUCING; SUPPLYING NON-COMBUSTIBLE LIQUID OR GAS

F23M CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF COMBUSTION CHAMBERS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

F23N REGULATING OR CONTROLLING COMBUSTION

F23Q IGNITION

F24B DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS; IMPLEMENTS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH STOVES OR RANGES

F24C OTHER DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION

F24D DOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR

F24F AIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING

F24H FLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT-GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL

F24J PRODUCTION OR USE OF HEAT NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

F25B REFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS, OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS

F25C PRODUCTION, WORKING, STORING, OR DISTRIBUTION OF ICE

F27B FURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS IN GENERAL; OPEN SINTERING OR LIKE APPARATUS

F27D DETAILS OR ACCESSORIES OF FURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS, IN SO FAR AS THEY ARE OF KINDS OCCURRING IN MORE THAN ONE KIND OF FURNACE

F28B STEAM OR VAPOUR CONDENSERS

F28C HEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT WITHOUT CHEMICAL INTERACTION

F28D HEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT

F28F DETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE OR HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION

F28G CLEANING OF INTERNAL OR EXTERNAL SURFACES OF HEAT-EXCHANGE OR HEAT-TRANSFER CONDUITS, e.g. WATER TUBES OF BOILERS
*******************************************************************************************************

Mechanical elements


F15B SYSTEMS ACTING BY MEANS OF FLUIDS IN GENERAL; FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS, e.g. SERVOMOTORS; DETAILS OF FLUID-PRESSURE SYSTEMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

F15C FLUID-CIRCUIT ELEMENTS PREDOMINANTLY USED FOR COMPUTING OR CONTROL PURPOSES

F15D FLUID DYNAMICS, i.e. METHODS OR MEANS FOR INFLUENCING THE FLOW OF GASES OR LIQUIDS

F16B DEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES; JOINTS OR JOINTING

F16C SHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OF CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS

F16D COUPLINGS FOR TRANSMITTING ROTATION; CLUTCHES; BRAKES F16F SPRINGS; SHOCK-ABSORBERS; MEANS FOR DAMPING VIBRATION

F16F  SPRINGS; SHOCK-ABSORBERS; MEANS FOR DAMPING VIBRATION

F16G BELTS, CABLES, OR ROPES, PREDOMINANTLY USED FOR DRIVING PURPOSES; CHAINS; FITTINGS PREDOMINANTLY USED THEREFOR 

F16H GEARING

F16J PISTONS; CYLINDERS; PRESSURE VESSELS IN GENERAL; SEALINGS

F16K VALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING

F16L PIPES; JOINTS OR FITTINGS FOR PIPES; SUPPORTS FOR PIPES, CABLES OR PROTECTIVE TUBING; MEANS FOR THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL

F16M FRAMES, CASINGS, OR BEDS, OF ENGINES OR OTHER MACHINES OR APPARATUS, NOT SPECIFIC TO AN ENGINE, MACHINE, OR APPARATUS PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; STANDS OR SUPPORTS

F16N LUBRICATING

F16P SAFETY DEVICES IN GENERAL

F16S CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS IN GENERAL; STRUCTURES BUILT-UP FROM SUCH ELEMENTS, IN GENERAL

F16T STEAM TRAPS OR LIKE APPARATUS FOR DRAINING-OFF LIQUIDS FROM ENCLOSURES PREDOMINANTLY CONTAINING GASES OR VAPOURS

F17B GAS-HOLDERS OF VARIABLE CAPACITY

F17C VESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES

F17D PIPE-LINE SYSTEMS; PIPE-LINES

G05G CONTROL DEVICES OR SYSTEMS INSOFAR AS CHARACTERISED BY MECHANICAL FEATURES ONLY
*******************************************************************************************************

Transport


B60B VEHICLE WHEELS; CASTORS; AXLES; INCREASING WHEEL ADHESION

B60C VEHICLE TYRES

B60D VEHICLE CONNECTIONS

B60F VEHICLES FOR USE BOTH ON RAIL AND ON ROAD; AMPHIBIOUS OR LIKE VEHICLES; CONVERTIBLE VEHICLES

B60G VEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS


B60H ARRANGEMENTS OR ADAPTATIONS OF HEATING, COOLING, VENTILATING, OR OTHER AIR-TREATING DEVICES SPECIALLY FOR PASSENGER OR GOODS SPACES OF VEHICLES


B60J WINDOWS, WINDSCREENS, NON-FIXED ROOFS, DOORS, OR SIMILAR DEVICES FOR VEHICLES; REMOVABLE EXTERNAL PROTECTIVE COVERINGS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES


B60K ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS; AUXILIARY DRIVES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST, OR FUEL SUPPLY, OF PROPULSION UNITS, IN VEHICLES

B60L ELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL

B60M POWER SUPPLY LINES, OR DEVICES ALONG RAILS, FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES


B60N VEHICLE PASSENGER ACCOMMODATION NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

B60P VEHICLES ADAPTED FOR LOAD TRANSPORTATION OR TO TRANSPORT, TO CARRY, OR TO COMPRISE SPECIAL LOADS OR OBJECTS


B60Q ARRANGEMENT OF SIGNALLING OR LIGHTING DEVICES, THE MOUNTING OR SUPPORTING THEREOF OR CIRCUITS THEREFOR, FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL

B60R VEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

B60S SERVICING, CLEANING, REPAIRING, SUPPORTING, LIFTING, OR MANOEUVRING OF VEHICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

B60T VEHICLE BRAKE CONTROL SYSTEMS OR PARTS THEREOF; BRAKE CONTROL SYSTEMS OR PARTS THEREOF, IN GENERAL

B60V AIR-CUSHION VEHICLES

B60W CONJOINT CONTROL OF VEHICLE SUB-UNITS OF DIFFERENT TYPE OR DIFFERENT FUNCTION; CONTROL SYSTEMS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR HYBRID VEHICLES; ROAD VEHICLE DRIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR PURPOSES NOT RELATED TO THE CONTROL OF A PARTICULAR SUB-UNIT

B61B RAILWAY SYSTEMS; EQUIPMENT THEREFOR NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

B61C LOCOMOTIVES; MOTOR RAILCARS

B61D BODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES

B61F RAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES, ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING; WHEELS GUARDS; OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE

B61G COUPLINGS; DRAUGHT OR BUFFING APPLIANCES

B61H BRAKES OR OTHER RETARDING APPARATUS PECULIAR TO RAIL VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS OR DIS-POSITIONS OF BRAKES OR OTHER RETARDING APPARATUS IN RAIL VEHICLES

B61J SHIFTING OR SHUNTING OF RAIL VEHICLES

B61K OTHER AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT FOR RAILWAYS

B61L GUIDING RAILWAY TRAFFIC; ENSURING THE SAFETY OF RAILWAY TRAFFIC

B62B HAND-PROPELLED VEHICLES, e.g. HAND CARTS, PERAMBULATORS; SLEDGES

B62C VEHICLES DRAWN BY ANIMALS

B62D MOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS

B62H CYCLE STANDS; SUPPORTS OR HOLDERS FOR PARKING OR STORING CYCLES; APPLIANCES PREVENTING OR INDICATING UNAUTHORISED USE OR THEFT OF CYCLES; LOCKS INTEGRAL WITH CYCLES; DEVICES FOR LEARNING TO RIDE CYCLES

B62J CYCLE SADDLES OR SEATS; ACCESSORIES PECULIAR TO CYCLES AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. ARTICLE CARRIERS, CYCLE PROTECTORS

B62K CYCLES; CYCLE FRAMES; CYCLE STEERING DEVICES; RIDER-OPERATED TERMINAL CONTROLS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CYCLES; CYCLE AXLE SUSPENSIONS; CYCLE SIDECARS, FORECARS, OR THE LIKE

B62L BRAKES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CYCLES

B62M RIDER PROPULSION OF WHEELED VEHICLES OR SLEDGES; POWERED PROPULSION OF SLEDGES OR CYCLES; TRANSMISSIONS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR SUCH VEHICLES

B63B SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING

B63C LAUNCHING, HAULING-OUT, OR DRY-DOCKING OF VESSELS; LIFE-SAVING IN WATER; EQUIPMENT FOR DWELLING OR WORKING UNDER WATER; MEANS FOR SALVAGING OR SEARCHING FOR UNDERWATER OBJECTS

B63G OFFENSIVE OR DEFENSIVE ARRANGEMENTS ON VESSELS; MINE-LAYING; MINE-SWEEPING; SUBMARINES; AIRCRAFT CARRIERS

B63H MARINE PROPULSION OR STEERING

B63J AUXILIARIES ON VESSELS

B64B LIGHTER-THAN-AIR AIRCRAFT

B64C AEROPLANES; HELICOPTERS

B64D EQUIPMENT FOR FITTING IN OR TO AIRCRAFT; FLYING SUITS; PARACHUTES; ARRANGEMENTS OR MOUNTING OF POWER PLANTS OR PROPULSION TRANSMISSIONS

B64F GROUND OR AIRCRAFT-CARRIER-DECK INSTALLATIONS

B64G COSMONAUTICS; VEHICLES OR EQUIPMENT THEREFOR
*******************************************************************************************************

Furniture, games


A47B TABLES; DESKS; OFFICE FURNITURE; CABINETS; DRAWERS; GENERAL DETAILS OF FURNITURE

 

A47C CHAIRS

A47D FURNITURE SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CHILDREN

A47F SPECIAL FURNITURE, FITTINGS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR SHOPS, STOREHOUSES, BARS, RESTAURANTS, OR THE LIKE; PAYING COUNTERS

A47G HOUSEHOLD OR TABLE EQUIPMENT

A47H FURNISHINGS FOR WINDOWS OR DOORS

A47J KITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES

 

A47K SANITARY EQUIPMENT NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

A47L DOMESTIC WASHING OR CLEANING

A63B APPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT

A63C SKATES; SKIS; ROLLER SKATES; DESIGN OR LAYOUT OF COURTS, RINKS OR THE LIKE

A63D BOWLING-ALLEYS; BOWLING GAMES; BOCCIA; BOWLS; BAGATELLE; BILLIARDS

A63F CARD, BOARD, OR ROULETTE GAMES; INDOOR GAMES USING SMALL MOVING PLAYING BODIES; GAMES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

A63G MERRY-GO-ROUNDS; SWINGS; ROCKING-HORSES; CHUTES; SWITCHBACKS; SIMILAR DEVICES FOR PUBLIC AMUSEMENT

A63H TOYS, e.g. TOPS, DOLLS, HOOPS, BUILDING BLOCKS

A63J DEVICES FOR THEATRES, CIRCUSES, OR THE LIKE; CONJURING APPLIANCES OR THE LIKE

A63K RACING; RIDING SPORTS; EQUIPMENT OR ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
*******************************************************************************************************

Other consumer goodis


A24B MANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF

A24C MACHINES FOR MAKING CIGARS OR CIGARETTES   A24D CIGARS; CIGARETTES; TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS; MOUTHPIECES FOR CIGARS OR CIGARETTES; MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS OR MOUTHPIECES

A24F SMOKERS' REQUISITES; MATCH BOXES

A41B SHIRTS; UNDERWEAR; BABY LINEN; HANDKERCHIEFS

A41C CORSETS; BRASSIÈRES

A41D OUTERWEAR; PROTECTIVE GARMENTS; ACCESSORIES

A41F GARMENT FASTENINGS; SUSPENDERS

A41G ARTIFICIAL FLOWERS; WIGS; MASKS; FEATHERS

A42B HATS; HEAD COVERINGS

A42C MANUFACTURING OR TRIMMING HATS OR OTHER HEAD COVERINGS

A43B CHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR

A43C FASTENINGS OR ATTACHMENTS FOR FOOTWEAR; LACES IN GENERAL

A44B BUTTONS, PINS, BUCKLES, SLIDE FASTENERS, OR THE LIKE

A44C JEWELLERY; BRACELETS; OTHER PERSONAL ADORNMENTS; COINS

A45B WALKING STICKS; UMBRELLAS; LADIES' OR LIKE FANS

A45C PURSES; LUGGAGE; HAND CARRIED BAGS

A45D HAIRDRESSING OR SHAVING EQUIPMENT; MANICURING OR OTHER COSMETIC TREATMENT

A45F TRAVELLING OR CAMP EQUIPMENT; SACKS OR PACKS CARRIED ON THE BODY

A46B BRUSHES

A62B DEVICES, APPARATUS, OR METHODS FOR LIFE-SAVING

B42B PERMANENTLY ATTACHING TOGETHER SHEETS, QUIRES, OR SIGNATURES, OR PERMANENTLY ATTACHING OBJECTS THERETO

B42C BOOKBINDING

B42D BOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS

B42F SHEETS TEMPORARILY ATTACHED TOGETHER; FILING APPLIANCES; FILE CARDS; INDEXING

B43K IMPLEMENTS FOR WRITING OR DRAWING

B43L ARTICLES FOR WRITING OR DRAWING UPON; ACCESSORIES FOR WRITING OR DRAWING

B43M BUREAU ACCESSORIES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

D04D TRIMMINGS; RIBBONS, TAPES, OR BANDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

D07B ROPES OR CABLES IN GENERAL

G10B ORGANS; HARMONIUMS

G10C PIANOS

G10D MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

G10F AUTOMATIC MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

G10G AIDS FOR MUSIC

G10H ELECTROPHONIC MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

G10K SOUND-PRODUCING DEVICES

B44B MACHINES, APPARATUS, OR TOOLS FOR ARTISTIC WORK, e.g. FOR SCULPTURING, GUILLOCHING, CARVING, BRANDING, INLAYING

B44C PRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS

B44D PAINTING OR ARTISTIC DRAWING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PRESERVING PAINTINGS; SURFACE TREATMENT TO OBTAIN SPECIAL ARTISTIC SURFACE EFFECTS OR FINISHES

B44F SPECIAL DESIGNS OR PICTURES

B68B HARNESS; DEVICES USED IN CONNECTION THEREWITH; WHIPS OR THE LIKE

B68C SADDLES; STIRRUPS

B68F MAKING ARTICLES FROM LEATHER, CANVAS, OR THE LIKE

B68G METHODS, EQUIPMENT, OR MACHINES FOR USE IN UPHOLSTERING; UPHOLSTERY NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

D06F LAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES

D06N WALL, FLOOR, OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR

F25D REFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT COVERED BY ANY OTHER SUBCLASS

A99Z SUBJECT MATTER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR IN THIS SECTION
*******************************************************************************************************

Civil engineering


E02B HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING

E02C SHIP-LIFTING DEVICES OR MECHANISMS

E02D FOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS
E02F DREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING

E01B PERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS

E01C CONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR

E01D BRIDGES

E01F ADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE

E01F-001 Construction of platforms or refuge islands

E01F-003 Landing stages for helicopters, e.g. located above buildings

E01F-005 Draining the sub-base of roads or ballastway of railways by trenches, culverts, or conduits

E01F-007 Devices affording protection against snow, sand drifts, side-wind effects, snowslides, avalanches or falling rocks

E01F-009 Arrangement of road signs or traffic signals

E01H STREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; CLEANING LAND; DISPERSING FOG IN GENERAL

E03B INSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER

E03C DOMESTIC PLUMBING INSTALLATIONS FOR FRESH WATER OR WASTE WATER

E03D WATER-CLOSETS OR URINALS WITH FLUSHING DEVICES; FLUSHING VALVES THEREFOR

E03F SEWERS; CESSPOOLS

E04B GENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
E04C STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
E04D ROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
E04F FINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS

E04G SCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS

E04H BUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
E05B LOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
E05C BOLTS OR FASTENING DEVICES FOR WINGS, SPECIALLY FOR DOORS OR WINDOWS
E05D HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS, OR WINGS

E05F DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING

E05G SAFES OR STRONG-ROOMS FOR VALUABLES; BANK PROTECTION DEVICES; SAFETY TRANSACTION PARTITIONS

E06B FIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES, OR LIKE ENCLOSURES, IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
E06C LADDERS
E21B EARTH OR ROCK DRILLING

E21C MINING OR QUARRYING
E21D SHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
E21F SAFETY DEVICES, TRANSPORT, FILLING-UP, RESCUE, VENTILATION, OR DRAINAGE IN OR OF MINES OR TUNNELS
E99Z SUBJECT MATTER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR IN THIS SECTION
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Solar energy (includes solar photovoltaic power and solar thermal power)


F03G6 Devices for producing mechanical power from solar energy

F24J2/00 Use of solar heat, e.g. solar heat collectors
F24J2/02 Solar heat collectors with support for article heated, e.g. stoves, ranges, crucibles, furnaces or ovens using solar heat
F24J2/04 Solar heat collectors having working fluid conveyed through collector
F24J2/05 Solar heat collectors having working fluid conveyed through collector surrounded by a transparent enclosure, e.g. evacuated solar collectors
F24J2/06 Solar heat collectors having working fluid conveyed through collector having concentrating elements
F24J2/07 Receivers working at high temperature, e.g. for solar power plants
F24J2/08 Receivers working at high temperature, e.g. for solar power plants having lenses as concentrating elements
F24J2/10 Receivers working at high temperature, e.g. for solar power plants having reflectors as concentrating
elements
F24J2/12 Solar Receivers working at high temperature, e.g. for solar power plants having parabolic reflectors as concentrating elements
F24J2/13 Solar Receivers working at high temperature, e.g. for solar power plants having hemispherical reflectors as concentrating elements
F24J2/14 Receivers working at high temperature, e.g. for solar power plants having semi-cylindrical or cylindro-parabolic reflectors as concentrating elements
F24J2/15 Solar Receivers working at high temperature, e.g. for solar power plants having conical reflectors as concentrating elements
F24J2/16 Solar Receivers working at high temperature, e.g. for solar power plants having having flat plates reflectors as concentrating elements
F24J2/18 Receivers working at high temperature, e.g. for solar power plants having spaced, opposed interacting reflecting surfaces reflectors as concentrating elements
F24J2/23 Solar heat collectors having working fluid conveyed through collector the working fluid trickling freely over collector elements
F24J2/24 Solar heat collectors having working fluid conveyed through collector the working fluid being conveyed through tubular heat absorbing conduits
F24J2/36 Rollable or foldable collector units
F24J2/38 Rollable or foldable collector units employing tracking means
F24J2/42 Solar heat systems not otherwise provided for
F24J2/46 Component parts, details or accessories of solar heat collectors


F03G6/06 Devices for producing mechanical power from solar energy with solar energy concentrating means

G02B5/10 Optical elements other than lenses

H01L31/052 Solar cells with cooling, light-reflecting or light- concentrating means
E04D13/18 Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Roof drainage

H01L25/00 Assemblies consisting of a plurality of individual semiconductor or other solid state devices
H01L31/04 Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength, or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof adapted as conversion devices
H01L31/042 Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength, or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof adapted as conversion devices including a panel or array of photoelectric cells, e.g. solar cells
H01L31/052 Solar cells with cooling, light-reflecting or light- concentrating means
H01L31/18 Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength, or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof - Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of these devices or of parts thereof
H02N6/00 Generators in which light radiation is directly converted into electrical energy
E04D1/30 Roof covering by making use of tiles, slates, shingles, or other small roofing elements
G02F1/13 Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating or modulating; Non-linear optics
G05F1/67 Regulating electric power to the maximum power available from a generator, e.g. from solar cell
H01L25/00 Assemblies consisting of a plurality of individual semiconductor or other solid state devices
H01L31 Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength, or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
H01L31/048 Solar cells encapsulated or with housing
H01L33/00 Semiconductor devices with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier specially adapted for light emission, e.g. infra-red; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
H02J7/35 Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
*******************************************************************************************************

Wind energy technology


F03D WIND MOTORS

B60L8/00 Electric propulsion with power supply from force of nature, e.g. sun, wind
*******************************************************************************************************

Fuel cells technology


H01M4/00 Electrodes
H01M4/86 Inert electrodes with catalytic activity, e.g. for fuel cells
H01M4/88 Inert electrodes with catalytic activity, e.g. for fuel cells processes of manufacture

H01M4/90 Selection of catalytic material

H01M8/00 Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
H01M8/02 Details of Fuel cells

H01M8/04 Auxiliary arrangements or processes, e.g. for control of pressure, for circulation of fluids

H01M8/06 Combination of fuel cell with means for production of reactants or for treatment of residues
H01M8/08 Fuel cells with aqueous electrolytes
H01M8/10 Fuel cells with solid electrolytes
H01M8/12 Fuel cells operating at high temperature, e.g. with stabilised ZrO2 electrolyte
H01M8/14 Fuel cells with fused electrolytes H01M8/16 Biochemical fuel cells, i.e. cells in which micro-organisms function as catalysts H01M8/18 Regenerative fuel cells H01M8/20 Indirect fuel cells, e.g. redox cells H01M8/22 Fuel cells in which the fuel is based on materials comprising carbon or oxygen or hydrogen and other elements; Fuel cells in which the fuel is based on materials comprising only elements other than carbon, oxygen, or hydrogen H01M8/24 Grouping of fuel cells into batteries, e.g. modules

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